What Does Acid Reflux Feel Like? Causes And Symptoms
Gastric acid flows into the gullet (esophagus)Â from the stomach. This acid is produced in the stomach and plays a role in the digestion of food. The stomach is protected against this strong acid (hydrochloric acid) by the gastric mucosa. The esophagus has no such protective lining and when the acid enters the esophagus it cause damage or inflammation in the delicate lining.
So What Does Acid Reflux Feel Like?
- Heartburn: a burning sensation behind the breast bone in the throat.
- Regurgitation (return of food in the mouth).
- Chest pain. Chest pain.
- Swallowing problems (dysphagia).
- Hoarseness, nocturnal cough, asthma and dental erosion (because of the acid in the throat, mouth, and airways of the lungs).
How Do You Get Acid Reflux?
At the bottom of the esophagus is a flap (lower esophageal sphincter) which ensures there is normally no stomach acid moving into the esophagus. Too much acid or the sphincter not working properly can cause stomach acid flowing into the esophagus. This is called acid reflux.
If there are persistent acid reflux is called reflux disease (Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease abbreviated as GERD). The esophagus can be damaged by prolonged exposure to stomach acid and burn. This is called reflux esophagitis.
How Serious Is Acid Reflux?
In chronic inflammation of the esophagus, there is ulcers, scarring, and narrowing of the esophagus. This can give you swallowing problems and pain when passing food or even liquids.
The severity of the complaints is not a good measure of damage in the esophagus: one with relatively few symptoms may be inflammation and someone with a lot of complaints, not inflamed esophagus.
In the long run, can lead to esophageal acid reflux. It is therefore important, when symptoms persist, consult your doctor. It is therefore important, when Symptoms persist, consult your doctor.
How Long Does It Last?
Some people have only occasionally suffered from acid reflux while for others its a daily, more serious and chronic problem.
How is Acid Reflux Treated?
The treatment is generally aimed at reducing the amount of stomach acid with medicines. This can bind the stomach acid (antacids) or inhibit gastric acid (antacids).